From the CD An American in Istanbul

Vacchi Yeni Makam 1 (1989)
Steve Vacchi, Solo Bassoon
Bassoonist Steve Vacchi studied at the Eastman School of Music, Yale University, the Hartt School of Music and Louisiana StateUniversity. His teachers have included C. Robert Reinert, Rebecca Eldredge, Matthew Ruggiero, K. David Van Hoesen, Stephen Maxym, Frank Morelli and William Ludwig. An advocate of contemporary music, he has performed in twenty countries and has recorded for Argo, BMG, Cortana, Centaur, NMC, Sony Classical and Imagine Records. A co-founder of the Wilson Wind Quintet, Vacchi has worked with orchestras including the Rochester Philharmonic, Florida Orchestra, New Haven Symphony, Tulsa Philharmonic and New World Symphony. Dr. Vacchi was the 1993 winner of the EDIP International Competition for his performance of Yeni.Makam 1. Since 2000, Dr. Vacchi has been Associate Professor at the University of Oregon.

KadlubkiewiczYeni Makam 2 (1991)
Veronica Kadlubkiewicz, Solo Violin
Violinist Veronica Kadlubkiewicz has established a meaningful career in the United States as a soloist and chamber musician after emigrating here from her native Poland. A graduate with highest honors of the Warsaw Conservatory, she counts among her teachers Paul Zukofsky and Henryk Szeryng. An outstanding advocate and performer ofcontemporary violin music, she was a participant in the Sommerkurs fur Neue Musik in Darmstadt and was a resident at the Center for the Creative and Performing Arts at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Since then, composers have written a large number of compositions especially for her. Her solo debut release on the Gasparo label garnered rave reviews from the international press. The American Record Guide hailed Ms. Kadlubkiewicz as a “virtuoso violinist”; the London-based Strad magazine spoke of “delicate and perceptive warmth of expression” and “her effortlessly detailing each nuance of phrasing.”

Currently teaching at Amherst College, Ms. Kadlubkiewicz is an active member of the Monadnock Music Festival in New Hampshire, the Walden Chamber Players and has performed at the Marlboro Music Festival. She is a founder of the New England Camerata, was Concertmaster of the Polish Chamber Orchestra and the Orchestra Filarmonica de Gran Canaria and is currently Concertmaster of the New Hampshire Symphony. Ms. Kadlubkiewicz lives in Amherst, Massachusetts with her husband Salvatore Macchia and daughter Bashka.

Ranon Yeni Makam 3 (1995)
Oreet Ranon, Solo Violoncello
Cellist Oreet Ranon received her Bachelor and Master of Music degrees from Louisiana StateUniversity where she studied with Dennis Parker. A Presser Foundation Scholar, she continued her studies with Dr. Helga Winold at Indiana University where she received the Performer Diploma. Ms. Ranon was the winner of the 1995 EDIP International Competition for her performance of Yeni Makam 3. She has held teaching positions at Murray State University (KY), Western Kentucky University, the University of Southern Indiana, and has held principal and assistant principal cello positions with the Owensboro Symphony and Evansville Philharmonic Orchestras. A native of California, Ms. Ranon has performed in Israel, Japan, China, Hong Kong and throughout the United States. Currently she lives in Oregon where she freelances in the Eugene and Portland areas

Longshore-OKeefeYeni Makam 4 (1995)
Patrick O’Keefe, Clarinet and Terry Longshore, Percussion
Patrick O’Keefe, a graduate of the New England Conservatory and Indiana University, is currently pursuing doctoral studies at the University of California, San Diego. An avid proponent of contemporary music, he has worked with composers from John Cage to John Zorn. Mr O’Keefe appears regularly with the new music groups Sonor and Sirius in San Diego, has performed with the group Ziegeist in Minneapolis and is a founding member of the improvisation group Unbalancing Act. Before coming to California, Mr. O’Keefe was principal clarinetist with the Augusta Symphony and Opera in Augusta, Georgia. He has performed with the San Diego Symphony, the Boston Philharmonic, the South Carolina Philharmonic, and the Savannah Symphony.

Terry Longshore is active as both a performer and educator of percussion and has performed in Brazil, Mexico, Canada, India, and throughout the United States. He performs regularly as a soloist and with the percussion duo Skin & Bones. Major festivals Mr. Longshore has performed at include the Bang on a Can Festival in New York City, the Festival of New American Music, the Los Angeles Philharmonic Green Umbrella Series, the Cabrillo Music Festival, and the Cycle of Percussion at the National Center of the Arts in Mexico City. He can be heard on numerous CD and motion picture recordings. Mr. Longshore holds bachelor’s degrees from California State University, Fresno and California State University, Sacramento, and master’s and doctoral degrees from the University of California, San Diego. He is Assistant Professor of Percussion at Southern Oregon University.

ejh Edward J Hines, Composer
The genesis of An American In Istanbul occurred in 1985 and 1986 when composer and Fulbright Scholar Edward J. Hines resided in Istanbul, Turkey where he studied the modal systems of Turkish classical and folk music. Hines learned that the modes (makams) of Turkish music, as in the West, have roots in the scales of the ancient Greeks. But he also learned that the Turks followed the ancient Greek system of proportional and unequal tuning between notes, which differs from the equally tempered notes of Western scales. This proportional approach to scales and musical composition accounts for the unusual pitches of Middle Eastern music which can sound out-of-tune to Western ears. But it was exactly that out-of-tune quality which fascinated Hines and which led to his long pursuit of bringing new (yeni) works based on ancient Turkish modes to Western performers and listeners. The series started with the 1989 work Yeni Makam 1 for solo bassoon and followed in 1991 with Yeni Makam 2 for solo violin. In 1993 Hines founded the EDIP International Competition to search for the best performances of the Yeni Makam Series. In 1995 Hines composed both Yeni Makam 3 and Yeni Makam 4, ran a second round of the EDIP International Competition and began recording the competition winners who are featured on this compact disc. The entire cycle of recordings took 4 years, from 1995 through 1999.